All-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs) are considered as an alternative solution to lithium-ion batteries, because of their safety and high theoretical energy density. Argyrodite-based solid-electrolytes (SEs), Li6PS5X (X = Cl, Cl0.5Br0.5 or Br), are promising candidates for ASSLBs. Most of the previous reports have used Li6PS5Cl as the default SE composition. Here, the electrochemical behavior of three different argyrodites with Cl− or Br−, or both, as the halogen is systematically studied. Using LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 as a model cathode, the behavior of these SEs in ASSLB cells is also studied. SEs containing Br show higher near-room-temperature ionic conductivity (>2 mS cm−1) and the critical current density (≥1 mA cm−2) during Li plating/stripping, and are stable up to 5 V versus Li/Li+. Li6PS5Br gives the best electrochemical performance in terms of C-rate and long-term cycling among the three samples. Specifically, the cathode delivers an initial reversible capacity of 156 mAh g−1, with ≈27% irreversible capacity loss and 90% capacity retention over 100 cycles, and >99% Coulombic efficiency. It delivers ≈56 mAh g−1 at 10C, 36% of its initial capacity at 0.2C, whereas Li6PS5Cl and Li6PS5Cl0.5Br0.5 deliver only 20 and 46 mAh g−1 at 10C.
|State||Published - Mar 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by ICL Industrial products (ICL‐IP).
© 2022 The Authors. Energy Technology published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- all-solid-state lithium batteries
- high voltage
- interface stability
- sulfide electrolytes