Influence of functional group on the electrical transport properties of polyvinyl alcohol grafted multiwall carbon nanotube composite thick film

Amit Kumar Das, Reuben Dharmana, Ayan Mukherjee, Koumei Baba, Ruriko Hatada, Ajit Kumar Meikap

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15 Scopus citations


We present a novel technique to obtain a higher or lower value of dielectric constant due to the variation of a functional group on the surface of multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) for a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) grafted MWCNT system. We have prepared PVA grafted pristine and different types of functionalized (-COOH, -OH, and -NH2) MWCNT nanocomposite films. The strong interfacial interaction between the host PVA matrix and nanofiller is characterized by different experimental techniques. The frequency variation of the electrical transport properties of the composite films is investigated in a wide temperature range (303 ≤ T ≤ 413 K) and frequency range (20 Hz ≤ f ≤ 1 MHz). The dielectric constant of the amine (-NH2) functionalized MWCNT incorporated PVA film is about 2 times higher than that of the pristine MWCNT embedded PVA film. The temperature variation of the dielectric constant shows an anomalous behaviour. The modified Cole-Cole equation simulated the experimentally observed dielectric spectroscopy at high temperature. The ac conductivity of the composite films obeys the correlated barrier hopping model. The imaginary part of the electric modulus study shows the ideal Debye-type behaviour at low frequency and deviation of that at high frequency. To illustrate the impedance spectroscopy of the nanocomposite films, we have proposed an impedance based battery equivalent circuit model. The current-voltage characteristic shows hysteresis behaviour of the nanocomposite films. The trap state height for all composite films is evaluated by simulating the current density-electric field data with the Poole-Frenkel emission model. This investigation opens a new avenue for designing electronic devices with a suitable combination of cost effective soft materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145105
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number14
StatePublished - 14 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Author(s).


The authors gratefully acknowledge DST (Project No. EMR/2016/001409) and DAE-BRNS (No. 34/14/7/2014-BRNS/0140), Government of India, for their financial support during this work.

FundersFunder number
Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, IndiaEMR/2016/001409
Department of Science and Technology, Government of West Bengal


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