Influence of Detector Size and Positioning on Near-Infrared Measurements and Iso-pathlength Point of Turbid Materials

Hamootal Duadi, Idit Feder, Dror Fixler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Measuring physical phenomena in an experimental system is commonly limited by the detector. When dealing with spatially defined behaviors, the critical parameter is the detector size. In this work, we examine near-infrared (NIR) measurements of turbid media using different size detectors at different positions. We examine cylindrical and semi-infinite scattering samples and measure their intensity distribution. An apparent crossing point between samples with different scatterings was previously discovered and named the iso-pathlength point (IPL). Monte Carlo simulations show the expected changes due to an increase in detector size or similarly as the detector’s location is distanced from the turbid element. First, the simulations show that the intensity profile changes, as well as the apparent IPL. Next, we show the average optical pathlength, and as a result, the differential pathlength factor, are mostly influenced by the detector size in the range close to the source. Experimental measurements using different size detectors at different locations validate the influence of these parameters on the intensity profiles and apparent IPL point. These findings must be considered when assessing optical parameters based on multiple scattering models. In cases such as NIR assessment of tissue oxygenation, size and location may cause false results for absorption or optical path.

Original languageEnglish
Article number647281
JournalFrontiers in Physics
StatePublished - 11 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Duadi, Feder and Fixler.


  • Monte Carlo simulations
  • light-tissue interactions
  • near-infrared measurements
  • scattering measurements
  • turbid media


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