Infertility and Adjustment in Women: The Effects of Attachment Style and Social Support

Marianne Amir, Netta Horesh, Tami Lin-Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


The moderating effects of two psychological resources - attachment style and perceived social support - on adjustment were studied in 109 infertile women, examining the effects of duration of infertility and of primary (the woman has no child of her own) versus secondary (the woman already has a child of her own) infertility. Subjects were administered questionnaires measuring marital adjustment, psychological distress, and well-being. A model viewing attachment style and social support as moderators between stress psychological well-being was explored. The results showed that among the objective characteristics, only duration of infertility had any impact on the psychological measures. Furthermore, the psychological resources were highly associated with the adjustment scores in general. A hierarchical regression analysis showed that attachment style and social support both were related to marital quality and to psychological well-being and that these two resources function as stress moderators. It was concluded that attachment style and social support are important resources for individuals in times of stress, as exemplified in the infertility situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-479
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999


  • Attachment
  • Infertility
  • Marital adjustment
  • Social support


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