Ineffectiveness of precordial thump for cardioversion of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias

Offer Amir, Jorge E. Schliamser, Samniah Nemer, Militianu Arie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The Precordial Thump (PT) is commonly used for cardiopulmonary resuscitations both in and out of hospitals. However, the support for its efficiency relies mainly on sporadic cases. In this current prospective large study, we tested the effectiveness and safety of PT in a wide range of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Methods: The study included 80 patients who underwent electrophysiological study and/or implantation of a cardiodefibrillator device. During these procedures, once a malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia was induced, PT was used as the first treatment option. If the PT failed, other means were used to discontinue the arrhythmia. Results: Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia occurred in 32 (40%) patients, ventricular fibrillation in 28 (35%) patients, and 20 (25%) patients had sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. Except in one patient with monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, the PT was unsuccessful in terminating any of the other malignant tachyarrhythmias, and internal or external defibrillation was eventually required in all other 79 (99%) patients. The PT was not associated with any damage either to the sternal bone, ribs, or to the cardiodefibrillator device. Conclusions: PT is not effective in terminating malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia and should be reserved to a situation in which a defibrillator is not available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-156
Number of pages4
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Precordial thump
  • Ventricular tachyarrhythmia

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ineffectiveness of precordial thump for cardioversion of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this