Induction of labor in breech presentation

N. Rojansky, A. Tsafrir, E. Ophir, Y. Ezra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objective: Induction of labor in breech presentation, although not contraindicated, has rarely been reported. We have undertaken to evaluate the safety and outcome of this practice in two Israeli institutions along with a literature review of this controversial subject. Method: The research design was a retrospective case control study covering the years: 1980-1999. We have studied 53 term (>37 weeks) breech deliveries induced for various medical and obstetrical reasons, in two major regional hospitals in Israel. Induction was performed with prostaglandin E2 for the unripe cervix and with oxytocin for induction or augmentation when the cervix was ripe. Six women were induced by nipple stimulation. Controls were 53 women with spontaneous labor in breech presentation that had a trial of vaginal delivery, and 54 women with breech presentation who delivered by elective cesarean section. Result: No significant difference in the various maternal and fetal outcomes was observed. CS rate was comparable in both study and control groups (34% vs. 32%) and two-thirds gave birth vaginally. Conclusions: In properly selected and carefully managed cases of breech presentation, induction of labor seems a safe and reasonable option.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Breech delivery
  • Fetal morbidity and mortality
  • Labor induction
  • Maternal outcome


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