Induced resistance in cotton seedlings against Fusarium wilt by dried biomass of Penicillium chrysogenum and its water extract

Hezhong Dong, Yigal Cohen

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dry mycelium (DM) of killed Penicillium chrysogenum and its water extract (DME) were used to induce resistance in cotton plants against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fov). Results showed that the efficacy of either DM or DME in controlling the disease depends on both the concentration and the mode of application. DM amended to the soil at 0.25-2% (w/w) provided 32-75% protection against Fov. Soil drench with 2-5% DME (w/v) and pre-sowing seed soakage with 5-10% DME provided 51-77% and 28-35% protection against the wilt disease, respectively, whereas no protection was obtained with foliar sprays of 1-10% DME. DM and its water extract had no direct antifungal activity on growth of Fov in vitro, suggesting that disease control with DM or DME resulted from the induction of natural defense mechanisms in the cotton plants. Soil drench with 5% DME was as effective as 2% DM powder in inducing resistance against Fov, implying that the resistance-inducing substances were mostly water-soluble. Four cotton cultivars with various genetic resistance levels against Fov were tested at the seedling stage: two resistant 'Pima' cultivars and two susceptible 'Acala' cultivars. The level of protection achieved in the two susceptible cultivars with DME was equal to, or higher than, that of the two resistant cultivars treated with water. Innate and induced peroxidase activity in cotyledons or hypocotyls and roots coincided with the level of genetic resistance and DME-induced resistance, respectively. Based on our results, an integrated control strategy of Fov with both genetic resistance and induced resistance is suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-87
Number of pages11
JournalPhytoparasitica
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum
  • Genetic resistance
  • Penicillium chrysogenum
  • Peroxidase activity

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