Individual Differences in Auditory Training Benefits for Hearing Aid Users

Ayelet Barda, Yair Shapira, Leah Fostick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study aimed to examine whether individual differences in baseline speech perception could serve as predictors for the effectiveness and generalization of auditory training (AT) to non-trained tasks. Twelve adults, aged 60–75 years with bilateral hearing loss, completed a two-month, home-based, computerized AT program, involving sessions four times per week. Training tasks included the identification of vowel frontal, height, manner of articulation, point of articulation, voicing, and open-set consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words. Non-trained speech perception tests were conducted one month before AT, prior to training, after one and two months of training, and during a two-month follow-up. The results showed that one month of AT improved performance in most trained tasks, with generalization observed in the CVC words test and HeBio sentences with speech-shaped noise (SSN). No evidence of spontaneous learning or added benefit from an extra month of training was found. Most importantly, baseline speech perception predicted improvements in both training and post-training generalization tasks. This emphasizes the significance of adopting an individualized approach when determining the potential effectiveness of AT, applicable in both clinical and research contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1196-1206
Number of pages11
JournalClinics and Practice
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Funding

This research was funded by Ariel University’s Center for Aging Studies #RA1900000488.

FundersFunder number
Ariel University1900000488

    Keywords

    • auditory training
    • generalization
    • individual differences
    • speech perception

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