Increased Intra-abdominal Pressure Induces Acute Kidney Injury in an Experimental Model of Congestive Heart Failure

Niroz Abu-Saleh, Doron Aronson, Mogher Khamaisi, Emad E. Khoury, Hoda Awad, Aviva Kabala, Rawi Ramadan, Tony Karram, Eli Kakiashvili, Bishara Bishara, Zaid Abassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Congestive heart failure (CHF) entails a complex interaction between the heart and the kidney that represents a clinical entity called cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). One of the mechanisms underlying CRS includes increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). We examined the effect of elevated IAP on kidney function in rats with low- and high-output CHF. Methods and Results: Rats with compensated and decompensated CHF induced by means of aortocaval fistula, rats with myocardial infraction (MI) induced by means of left anterior descending artery ligation, and sham control rats were subjected to either 10 or 14 mm Hg IAP. Urine flow (V), Na+ excretion (UNaV), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and renal plasma flow (RPF) were determined. The effects of pretreatment with tadalafil (10 mg/kg orally for 4 days) on the adverse renal effects of IAP were examined in decompensated CHF and MI. Basal V and GFR were significantly lower in rats with decompensated CHF compared with sham control rats. Decompensated CHF rats and MI rats subjected to 10 and 14 mm Hg IAP exhibited more significant declines in V, UNaV, GFR and RPF than compensated and sham controls. Elevated IAP also induced tubular injury, as evidenced by significantly increased absolute urinary excretion of neutrophil gelatinase–associated lipocalin. In addition, in a nonquantitative histologic analysis, elevated IAP was associated with increase in necrosis and cell shedding to the tubule lumens, especially in the decompensated CHF subgroup. Pretreatment of decompensated CHF rats and MI rats with tadalafil ameliorated the adverse renal effects of high IAP. Conclusions: Elevated IAP contributes to kidney dysfunction in high– and low–cardiac output CHF. IAP induces both hemodynamic alterations and renal tubular dysfunction. These deleterious effects are potentially reversible and can be ameliorated with the use of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-478
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Cardiorenal syndrome
  • NGAL
  • heart failure
  • intra-abdominal pressure
  • kidney dysfunction

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