The sulfonation of aromatic rings held at the surface of a covalently anchored self-assembled monolayer has been analyzed in terms of the rates and isomer distribution of the sulfonation process. The observed product distributions are similar to those observed in solution, though the data obtained suggest that the reaction rate and the ortho/para product ratio depend on the length of the tether anchoring the aryl ring to the monolayer interface. It was also found that the interface becomes progressively more disordered and the observed reaction rates decrease as the reaction progresses. There is no evidence for a bias in favor of reaction at the more exposed para-position nor is there evidence for an enhanced reaction rate due to the increased disorder and/or improved wetting as the reaction proceeds. This is the first detailed study of electrophilic aromatic substitution at a monolayer interface. It introduces new approaches to the spectroscopic analysis of reactions on self-assembled monolayers and provides a new general approach to the analysis of isomeric product distribution in such a setting.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 7 Oct 2008|