Improving the Performance of LiNi0.9Co0.05Mn0.05O2 via Atomic Layer Deposition of ZnxOy Coating

Shalev Blanga, Sri Harsha Akella, Merav Tsubery, Melina Zysler, Sarah Taragin, Malachi Noked

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nickel-rich cathode materials such as LiNi0.9Co0.05Mn0.05O2 (NMC90) have gained attention due to their ability to deliver high energy densities while being cost-effective for Lithium-ion battery manufacturing. However, NMC90 cathodes suffer irreversible parasitic reactions such as electrolyte decomposition, severe capacity fading and impedance build-up upon prolonged cycling. Herein, we synthesize a conformal ultrathin, surface protection layer on NMC90 powder using ZnxOy via atomic layer deposition technique (ZnxOy@NMC90). Prolonged electrochemical investigation of full cells at high discharge rates of 2 C shows that ZnxOy@NMC90 cells yielded ~31 % improvement in discharge capacity compared to pristine NMC90. Furthermore, operando electrochemical mass spectroscopy studies show that the ZnxOy@NMC90 cells have significantly suppressed electrolyte decomposition as compared to pristine NMC90 cells. Post-cycling electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies show that the ZnxOy@NMC90 full cells have significantly reduced impedance compared with pristine NMC90 cells. Additionally, post cycling manganese dissolution studies show that ZnxOy@NMC90 cells have greatly enhanced chemo-mechanical integrity thereby contributing to improved electrochemical performances. Our results underscore the potential of tailored ZnxOy surface coatings on nickel-rich cathode materials to address critical challenges in advanced energy storage systems, offering promising prospects for the development of high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202400162
JournalChemElectroChem
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. ChemElectroChem published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • Atomic Layer Deposition
  • LiNiCoMnO (NMC 90)
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • high-rate performance
  • suppressed parasitic reactions

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