Improving diagnostic accuracy using EHR in emergency departments: A simulation-based study

Ofir Ben-Assuli, Amitai Ziv, Doron Sagi, Moshe Leshno, Avinoah Ironi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

It is widely believed that electronic health records (EHR) improve medical decision making by enabling medical staff to access medical information stored in the system. It remains unclear, however, whether EHR indeed fulfills this claim under the severe time constraints of Emergency Departments (EDs). We assessed whether accessing EHR in an ED actually improves decision-making by clinicians. An authentic simulated ED environment was created at the Israel Center for Medical Simulation (MSR). Four different actors were trained to simulate four specific complaints and behavior. Each physician treated half of the cases (randomly) with access to EHR, and their medical decisions were compared to those where the physicians had no access to EHR. Accessing the EHR led to an increase in the quality of the clinical decisions. The percentage of correct diagnoses was higher and physicians were more confident in their diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication35th International Conference on Information Systems "Building a Better World Through Information Systems", ICIS 2014
PublisherAssociation for Information Systems
ISBN (Print)9781634396943
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event35th International Conference on Information Systems: Building a Better World Through Information Systems, ICIS 2014 - Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: 14 Dec 201417 Dec 2014

Publication series

Name35th International Conference on Information Systems "Building a Better World Through Information Systems", ICIS 2014

Conference

Conference35th International Conference on Information Systems: Building a Better World Through Information Systems, ICIS 2014
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand
CityAuckland
Period14/12/1417/12/14

Keywords

  • Decision analysis
  • Decision making/makers
  • Electronic medical records
  • Technology assimilation

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