Improved Carbohydrate Structure Generalization Scheme for 1H and 13C NMR Simulations

Roman R. Kapaev, Philip V. Toukach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The improved Carbohydrate Structure Generalization Scheme has been developed for the simulation of 13C and 1H NMR spectra of oligo- and polysaccharides and their derivatives, including those containing noncarbohydrate constituents found in natural glycans. Besides adding the 1H NMR calculations, we improved the accuracy and performance of prediction and optimized the mathematical model of the precision estimation. This new approach outperformed other methods of chemical shift simulation, including database-driven, neural net-based, and purely empirical methods and quantum-mechanical calculations at high theory levels. It can process structures with rarely occurring and noncarbohydrate constituents unsupported by the other methods. The algorithm is transparent to users and allows tracking used reference NMR data to original publications. It was implemented in the Glycan-Optimized Dual Empirical Spectrum Simulation (GODESS) web service, which is freely available at the platform of the Carbohydrate Structure Database (CSDB) project (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7006-7010
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - 21 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.


FundersFunder number
Russian Foundation for Basic Research15-04-01065


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