Implementation of French Ambulatory Cesarean Section (FAUCS): Establishment of a Learning Curve and Short-term Outcomes

Susana Mikhail Mustafa, Raneen Abu Shqara, Maya Frank Wolf, Oleg Shnaider, Sari Nahir Biderman, Limor Sharabi, Lior Lowenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The French Ambulatory Cesarean Section (FAUCS) technique was introduced to the Galilee Medical Center in September 2021. FAUCS was performed electively for interested women who meet the criteria. Objectives: To evaluate the learning curve of senior surgeons performing FAUCS, the procedure short-term outcomes, and complications. Methods: This retrospective study included 50 consecutive women who underwent FAUCS from September 2021 until March 2022 at our facility. Preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative, and demographic data were retrieved from patient electronic charts. Results: The mean age was 34.2 ± 5.6 years. The mean duration of surgery was 53.26 ±11.62 minutes. This time decreased as the surgical team's experience increased: from a mean 58.26 ± 12.25 minutes for the first 15 procedures to a mean 51.17 ± 9.73 minutes for subsequent procedures. The mean visual analogue scale score for 24 hours was 1.08 ± 0.84 (on a 10-point scale). The mean time to spontaneous urination after the operation was 6.23 ± 3.73 hours; 44% of the women were able to mobilize and urinate spontaneously by 4-6 hours. Complications included bladder injury (n=1), endometritis (n=1), and incisional hematoma (n=1). Overall, the maternal satisfaction rate was high; 94% of the women would recommend FAUCS to others. Conclusions: FAUCS is a feasible procedure with a high satisfaction rate. Following the first 15 procedures performed by one surgical team, the operative time decreased considerably. Further randomized controlled studies are needed to compare this procedure to regular cesarean section and evaluate neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-677
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023 Israel Medical Association. All rights reserved.


  • French Ambulatory Cesarean Section (FAUCS)
  • cesarean section
  • learning curve
  • woman-centered care


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