Impact of Short-Acting Disopyramide on Left Ventricular Mechanics Evaluated by Strain Analysis in Patients with Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

Idit Yedidya, Gabby Elbaz Greener, Mordehay Vaturi, Alik Sagie, Offer Amir, Shemy Carasso, Daniel Monakier

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Abstract

Background: Disopyramide is a class Ia antiarrhythmic drug that has been used for the second-line treatment of symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). The aim of the study was to assess the impact of short-acting disopyramide in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. Methods: This prospective study included patients with HOCM on chronic treatment with short-acting disopyramide. Two sequential comprehensive echocardiographic examinations were performed: after temporary disopyramide suspension and 2.5 h after disopyramide intake. Results: 19 patients were included in the study. The effect of disopyramide on the left ventricle was not uniform. After the intake of disopyramide, the mean global strain peak was −17 ± 2% before disopyramide intake and −14 ± 2% after (p < 0.0001). There was a significant reduction in strain in the basal septal (p = 0.015), basal inferior (p = 0.019), basal posterior (p = 0.05), apical anterior (p = 0.0001), and apical lateral segments (p = 0.021). In all other segments, there was no significant change. Disopyramide also caused a significant accentuation of the base-apex strain gradients (p = 0.036). No change was noted in circumferential and left atrial strain. While the left ventricular ejection fraction and outflow gradients did not change, the significant reduction in global and segmental longitudinal strain demonstrated the acute negative inotropic effect of disopyramide on the myocardium in patients with HOCM. Conclusion: A strain analysis may be a useful tool to assess the negative inotropic effect of cardiovascular medication on the left ventricle in patients with HOCM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7325
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Dec 2022

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© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • HOCM
  • disopyramide
  • echocardiography
  • hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • strain

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