Immediate post-procedural and discharge assessment of mitral valve function following transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair: Correlation and association with outcomes

Doron Sudarsky, Fabio Kusniec, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Ala Lubovich, Wadia Kinany, Evgeni Hazanov, Michael Gelbstein, Edo Y. Birati, Shemy Carasso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The correlation between residual mitral regurgitation (rMR) grade or mitral valve pressure gradient (MVPG), at transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TEEMr) completion and at discharge, is unknown. Furthermore, there is disagreement regarding rMR grade or MVPG from which prognosis diverts. We retrospectively studied 82 patients that underwent TEEMr. We tested the correlation between rMR or MVPG and evaluated their association, with outcomes. Moderate or less rMR (rMR ≤ 2) at TEEMr completion was associated with improved survival, whereas mild or less rMR (rMR ≤ 1) was not. Patients with rMR ≤ 1 at discharge demonstrated a longer time of survival, of first heart failure hospitalization and of both. The correlation for both rMR grade (r = 0.5, p < 0.001) and MVPG (r = 0.51, p < 0.001), between TEEMr completion and discharge, was moderate. MR ≤ 2 at TMEER completion was the strongest predictor for survival (HR 0.08, p < 0.001) whereas rMR ≤ 1 at discharge was independently associated with a lower risk of the combined endpoint (HR 4.17, p = 0.012). MVPG was not associated with adverse events. We conclude that the assessments for rMR grade and MVPG, at the completion of TEEMr and at discharge, should be distinctly reported. Improved outcome is expected with rMR ≤ 2 at TEEMr completion and rMR ≤ 1 at discharge. Higher MVPG is not associated with unfavorable outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5448
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Mitral valve pressure gradient
  • Residual mitral regurgitation
  • Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Immediate post-procedural and discharge assessment of mitral valve function following transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair: Correlation and association with outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this