K and K x-ray emission spectra of copper

M. Deutsch, G. Hölzer, J. Härtwig, J. Wolf, M. Fritsch, E. Förster

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The K1,2 and K1,3 spectra of copper were measured using double- and single-crystal diffractometers whose finite resolution effects were carefully characterized and corrected for. A phenomenological resolution of the spectra into Lorentzians is given, yielding excellent R factors close to 1%. Fits to our detailed relativistic Dirac-Fock and nonrelativistic Hartree-Fock ab initio calculations reveal that the line shapes can be accounted for by the diagram and the single 3d spectator hole transitions only, with R factors of 35 % (the underline below 3d denotes a hole state). The contribution of the 3d spectator transitions to each of the spectra is 2630 %. The K spectrum may also contain a small 0.5% contribution from the 3p spectator transition. The fit residuals of the K spectrum show systematic deviations in the vicinity of the feature, which may be due to exchange interactions or plasmon excitations. Contributions of similar origins to the K spectrum were not detected. Linewidths, energies, and intensities are reported, for the raw as well as the fit-resolved spectra, and critically compared with previous data, where available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-296
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995


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