IgA pemphigus: A systematic review

Khalaf Kridin, Payal M. Patel, Virginia A. Jones, Adriana Cordova, Kyle T. Amber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The clinical, histologic, and immunopathologic features of IgA pemphigus have not been studied on a large scale. Objective: To synthesize existing data on the epidemiologic, clinical, histologic, and immunologic features of IgA pemphigus. Methods: We performed a systematic review using MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Case reports and series of patients with IgA pemphigus were included. Results: A total of 119 eligible studies, comprising 137 patients with IgA pemphigus with a mean age of 51.5 ± 21.0 years, were included. Most patients presented with vesicles (80.8%), pustules (75.0%), and circinate plaques (63.6%). Pruritus was present in 65.6% of reported patients. Intercellular deposition of IgA was noted in almost all patients (97.0%), and the remaining 3.0% of patients had IgA positivity on indirect immunofluorescence or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirming the diagnosis. IgA circulating intercellular antibodies were detected in only 66.7% patients. IgA gammopathy and ulcerative colitis were associated with IgA pemphigus in 9.5% and 6.6% patients, respectively. Oral dapsone and corticosteroids were the mostly commonly used treatments. Limitations: Results are mainly based on case reports and small case series. Conclusions: The diagnosis of IgA pemphigus may be considered in patients presenting with vesiculopustular eruption and circinate plaques with truncal and extremity involvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1386-1392
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume82
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc.

Keywords

  • IgA pemphigus
  • immunoreactivity
  • systematic review

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