Ideology and urban development: Zionism and the origins of Tel-Aviv, 1906-1914

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Abstract

This contribution to research on Zionist urban settlement in Palestine examines the founding of Tel-Aviv and its development up to the First World War. Tel-Aviv is viewed in a number of general theoretical contexts: urban colonization-the building of modern European quarters alongside old Middle Eastern towns at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century; modernization-the spread of the garden suburb model to various parts of the world; westernization of frontier territories-the urban-industrial stage of the frontier model. The study also examines the effect of the foundation of Tel-Aviv on Jaffa and compares Tel-Aviv with Arab garden neighbourhoods in Palestine at the same period. Zionism favoured urban settlement and this ideological attitude was decisive for the establishment of Tel-Aviv. It influenced the choice of site for the garden suburb, its planning, the selection of its population, and inspired its development as the Hebrew national centre in Palestine. Tel-Aviv began as a garden suburb near an ancient port and was rapidly becoming a town on the eve of the First World War.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-424
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Historical Geography
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1986

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
I wish to express my gratitude for the helpful comments and advice I have received from Professor Shalom Reichman, Vice-President of the Open University of Israel. Preparation of the maps was made possible by generous aid from the Schnitzer Fund of the Faculty of Social Sciences of Bar-Ilan University, Israel.

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