Identification of motile sperm domain-containing protein 2 as regulator of human monocyte migration

Itzhak Mendel, Niva Yacov, Yaniv Salem, Oshrat Propheta-Meiran, Eti Ishai, Eyal Breitbart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Binding of chemokines to their cognate receptors on monocytes instigates a cascade of events that directs these cells to migrate to sites of inflammation and cancerous tissues. Although targeting of selected chemokine receptors on monocytes exhibited preclinical efficacy, attempts to translate these studies to the clinic have failed thus far, possibly due to redundancy of the target receptor. We reveal that motile sperm domain-containing protein 2 (MOSPD2), a protein with a previously unknown function, regulates monocyte migration in vitro. This protein was found to be expressed on the cytoplasmic membrane of human monocytes. Silencing or neutralizing MOSPD2 in monocytes restricted their migration when induced by different chemokines. Mechanistically, silencing MOSPD2 inhibited signaling events following chemokine receptor ligation. When tested for expression in other immune cell subsets, MOSPD2 was apparent also, though less abundantly, in neutrophils, but not in lymphocytes. Thus, in the presence of neutralizing Abs, neutrophil migration was inhibited to some extent whereas lymphocyte migration remained intact. In view of these results, we suggest MOSPD2 as a potential target protein for treating diseases in which monocyte and neutrophil accumulation is correlated with pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2125-2132
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


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