Hyperbaric oxygenation affects rat brain function after carbon monoxide exposure

G. G. Rogatsky, S. Meilin, N. Zarchin, S. R. Thom, A. Mayevsky

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13 Scopus citations


The application of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) has been recommended for correction of neurological injury in severely CO-poisoned patients. However, the mechanisms of HBO2 action on brain mitochondrial function under the circumstances is not yet understood completely. In the present study, the effect of HBO2 on the rat brain after CO exposure was evaluated by measuring the intramitochondrial NADH and its responses to anoxic test or repetitive induction spreading depression (SD) leading to brain activation. A unique monitoring system for bilateral monitoring of brain NADH redox state was used. Rats were exposed to 3000 ppm CO for 30 (group A) or 60 min (C). In groups B and D, after CO exposure, the rats were exposed to HBO2 (3 atm abs for 30 min). Following CO exposure in groups A and C, a definite decrease in the amplitude of the NADH response and significant increase in the number of waves of NADH was noted during induced cortical SD. Anoxic test in these two groups led to a significant decrease of maximum levels of NADH (reduction) at the end of observation. The amplitude, and the number of SD waves and magnitude of NADH deviation during anoxic test in group B after application of HBO2. was not significantly different from the values measured under the initial conditions. However, in group D, tendency of maintenance of the parameter's initial level was weaker or absent. The results obtained indicated that suppression of brain energy metabolism is a characteristic manifestation of CO poisoning in rats. Restoration of cerebral energy metabolism by adequate dosage of HBO2 may become an important factor for recovery of brain activities after CO poisoning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-58
Number of pages9
JournalUndersea and Hyperbaric Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2002


  • Anoxia
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Hyperbaric oxygenation
  • NADH redox state
  • Spreading depression


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