Hydroponics: Exploring innovative sustainable technologies and applications across crop production, with Emphasis on potato mini-tuber cultivation

Sasireka Rajendran, Tenzing Domalachenpa, Himanshu Arora, Pai Li, Abhishek Sharma, Gaurav Rajauria

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is an urgent need to explore climate-resilient alternative agriculture production systems that focus on resilience, resource efficiency, and disease management. Hydroponics, a soilless cultivation system, gaining interest as it reduces the dependency on agricultural land, and pesticides, and can be implemented in areas with poor soil quality, thus mitigating the negative effects of extreme weather events. Potato is an essential dietary staple crop grown throughout the world and is a major source of food security in underdeveloped countries. However, due to the climatic changes, it is predicted that a significant loss in the suitability of land for potato production would occur, thus leading to potato yield loss. Recently, many case studies have emerged to highlight the advancement of agricultural hydroponic systems that provide a promising solution to the massive production of potato mini tuber at high efficiency. This review paper evaluates popular hydroponic methods and demonstrates how hydroponic has emerged as the go-to, long-term, sustainable answer to the perennial problem of insufficient access to high-quality potato seed stock. The paper discusses the research and innovation possibilities (such as artificial intelligence, nanoparticles, and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria) that potentially increase tuber production per plant under optimal hydroponic growth circumstances. These approaches are examined considering new scientific discoveries and practical applications. Furthermore, it emphasizes that by enduring significant reforms in soilless food production systems (particularly for potatoes), the food supply of a rapidly growing population can be addressed. Since hydroponics systems are productive and easily automated without soil and optimal environmental conditions, future hydroponics farming is promising. In conclusion, the hydroponics system provides better yield and crop productivity by saving water, energy, and space. Henceforth, it can be the alternate choice for modern sustainable agriculture.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere26823
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024

Funding

The corresponding author would like to thank Founder President, Amity University for his consistent support and motivation.

FundersFunder number
Amity University

    Keywords

    • Aeroponics
    • Food security
    • Hydroponics
    • Mini tubers
    • Potato
    • Sustainable agriculture

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