Hunter, Cauchy rabbit, and optimal Kakeya sets

Yakov Babichenko, Yuval Peres, Ron Peretz, Perla Sousi, Peter Winkler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A planar set that contains a unit segment in every direction is called a Kakeya set. We relate these sets to a game of pursuit on a cycle Zn.A hunter and a rabbit move on the nodes of Znwithout seeing each other. At each step, the hunter moves to a neighbouring vertex or stays in place, while the rabbit is free to jump to any node. Adler et al. (2003) provide strategies for hunter and rabbit that are optimal up to constant factors and achieve probability of capture in the first n steps of order 1/ log n. We show these strategies yield a Kakeya set consisting of 4n triangles with minimal area (up to constant), namely Θ(1/ log n). As far as we know, this is the first non-iterative construction of a boundary-optimal Kakeya set. Considering the continuum analog of the game yields a construction of a random Kakeya set from two independent standard Brownian motions (formula found) and (formula found). Let (formula found). Then (formula found) is a Cauchy process and (formula found) is a Kakeya set of zero area. The area of the ε-neighbourhood of K is as small as possible, i.e., almost surely of order (formula found).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5567-5586
Number of pages20
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Mathematical Society.


  • Cauchy process
  • Graph games
  • Kakeya sets
  • Pursuit games


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