Humanitarian Outpatient Pediatric Endeavor (HOPE): A Novel Specialist Ambulatory Health-Care Concept in Conflict Areas

Matti Mizrachi, Einat Levy, Amiel A. Dror, Eyal Sela, Sergey Kutikov, Masad Barhoum, Ohad Ronen, Maayan Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the collapse of the medical system in Syria, Israel began providing Syrians with humanitarian aid, first to the war-injured and then general medical treatment. We developed a novel specialist ambulatory care concept to provide medical care for Syrian children. Children with their caregivers were transported by bus across the border from Syria to our medical center in Israel for day-stay outpatient-clinic advanced evaluation and treatment due to coordination between Syrian, Red Cross, and Israeli authorities, including Israeli Defense Forces. This retrospective field report includes 371 Syrian children treated as outpatients at Galilee Medical Center between January 2016 and September 2018. In our experience, this novel pediatric ambulatory care concept has been feasible, efficient, and successful in providing specialist care for children in a crisis region devoid of access to health care. We believe it can also serve adult patients and be implemented in other crises and disasters scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere498
JournalDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health.


  • Syrian civil war
  • conflict
  • crisis
  • disaster
  • pediatric health care


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