How can a clairvoyant particle escape the exclusion process?

Rangel Baldasso, Augusto Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study a detection problem in the following setting: On the one-dimensional integer lattice, at time zero, place detectors on each site independently with probability ρ ∈ [0, 1) and let they evolve as a simple symmetric exclusion process. At time zero, place a target at the origin. The target moves only at integer times, and can move to any site that is within distance R from its current position. Assume also that the target can predict the future movement of all detectors. We prove that, for R large enough (depending on the value of ρ) it is possible for the target to avoid detection forever with positive probability. The proof of this result uses two ingredients of independent interest. First we establish a renormalisation scheme that can be used to prove percolation for dependent oriented models under a certain decoupling condition. This result is general and does not rely on the specifities of the model. As an application, we prove our main theorem for different dynamics, such as independent random walks and independent renewal chains. We also prove existence of oriented percolation for random interlacements and for its vacant set for large dimensions. The second step of the proof is a space-time decoupling for the exclusion process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2177-2202
Number of pages26
JournalAnnales de l'institut Henri Poincare (B) Probability and Statistics
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Association des Publications de l'Institut Henri Poincaré, 2018

Keywords

  • Exclusion process decoupling
  • Oriented percolation
  • Target detection

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