High-nickel layered oxide cathodes for lithium-based automotive batteries

Wangda Li, Evan M. Erickson, Arumugam Manthiram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

903 Scopus citations


High-nickel layered oxide cathode materials will be at the forefront to enable longer driving-range electric vehicles at more affordable costs with lithium-based batteries. A continued push to higher energy content and less usage of costly raw materials, such as cobalt, while preserving acceptable power, lifetime and safety metrics, calls for a suite of strategic compositional, morphological and microstructural designs and efficient material production processes. In this Perspective, we discuss several important design considerations for high-nickel layered oxide cathodes that will be implemented in the automotive market for the coming decade. We outline various intrinsic restraints of maximizing their energy output and compare current/emerging development roadmaps approaching low-/zero-cobalt chemistry. Materials production is another focus, relevant to driving down costs and addressing the practical challenges of high-nickel layered oxides for demanding vehicle applications. We further assess a series of stabilization techniques on their prospects to fulfill the aggressive targets of vehicle electrification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalNature Energy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

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© 2020, Springer Nature Limited.


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