## Abstract

The n-th tensor power of a graph with vertex set V is the graph on the vertex set V ^{n}, where two vertices are connected by an edge if they are connected in each coordinate. One powerful method for upper-bounding the largest independent set in a graph is the Hoffman bound, which gives an upper bound on the largest independent set of a graph in terms of its eigenvalues. In this paper we introduce the problem of upper-bounding independent sets in tensor powers of hypergraphs. We show that many prominent open problems in extremal combinatorics, such as the Turán problem for graphs and hypergraphs, can be encoded as special cases of this problem. We generalize the Hoffman bound to hypergraphs, and give several applications.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1005-1026 |

Number of pages | 22 |

Journal | Algebraic Combinatorics |

Volume | 4 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2021 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2021 The authors. All right reserved.

### Funding

Acknowledgements. The first author is a Taub Fellow, and is supported by the Taub Foundation and ISF grant 1337/16. The second author is supported by the SNF grant number 20002_169106 and by the ERC grant 336283.

Funders | Funder number |
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Taub Foundation | |

Seventh Framework Programme | 336283 |

European Commission | |

Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung | 20002_169106 |

Israel Science Foundation | 1337/16 |

## Keywords

- Chromatic number
- Extremal set theory
- Hypergraph
- Independence ratio