High catalytic activities of palladium nanowires synthesized using liquid crystal templating approach

Mohit Chawla, Raj Kumar, Prem Felix Siril

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthesis of palladium (Pd) nanoparticles of various morphologies using swollen liquid crystalline (SLC) phases as structure directing templates is described in the present paper. The Pd precursor, bisdibenzyledene acetone palladium (Pd(DBA)2) was dissolved in the oil phase of a hexagonal lyotropic liquid crystalline phase. The characteristic nature of the hexagonal mesophase was confirmed using polarized optical microscopy. The hexagonal mesophases were exposed to hydrogen gas for the synthesis of Pd nanoparticles. The nanomaterials were characterized using UV–vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). These nanowires showed very good catalytic activity for reduction of 4- nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol when compared to the spherical Pd nanoparticles. A comparative study revealed that the catalytic activity of the nanowires was much better than even very small Pd nanoparticles that are reported in the literature. The nanowires also had a very good catalytic activity in Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions for the synthesis of biphenyl even using aryl chlorides as reactant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume423
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • 4-Nitrophenol reduction
  • Catalyst
  • Mesophase
  • Palladium nanowires
  • Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions

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