High Capacity Magnesium Metal Rechargeable Battery Enabled By Dual Ion Chemistry

Tao Gao, Malachi Noked, Liumin Suo, Fudong Han, Yujie Zhu, Chao Luo, Kang Xu, Chunsheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


Electrochemical energy storage is the core technology for the success of green transportation and renewable energy. Among existing energy storage chemistries, magnesium metal rechargeable batteries (MRB) are receiving growing attention due to the abundance of magnesium and its highly reversible and dendrite-free deposition/dissolution in Grignard–based complex electrolyte, which enables the exploit of the high capacity magnesium anode(2233 mAh/g).These merits have made MRB a promising candidate system to store electrochemical energy. However, the strong coulombic interaction between an intercalation host and the bivalent Mg 2+ makes the solid state diffusion of the latter rather sluggish, resulting in low Mg 2+ intercalation level, large polarization during charge/discharge and/or rapid capacity decay for common cathode materials. To solve the problem, we developed a high capacity MRB by coupling TiS 2 with magnesium foil in a dual-ion chemistry(Mg 2+ /Li + ). The battery operates by Li + insertion/extraction at cathode and Mg deposition/dissolution at anode. The battery simultaneously combines high-capacity/high-voltage, fast Li + intercalation of TiS 2 and the high-capacity/dendrite-free deposition of Mg anode. Compared to other MRBs, the theoretical specific capacity and specific energy of the dual-ion battery is 161.0 mAh/g and 209.3 Wh/kg even when the weight of lithium salt was taken into account, which are 32.2% and 56.2% higher than 121.8 mAh/g and 134 Wh/kg of the state-of-the-art MRB(with Mo 6 X 8 cathode). Noteworthily, there is still a huge potential to be exploited for this dual-ion battery concept. If a high voltage/capacity cathode compatible to electrolyte can be found, the specific energy could be increased largely. This could make it an alternative even competitive to the mainstream LIB technology, not mentioning the advantages of a dendrite-free Mg anode that is free of inert masses (current collector, binder, and conductive additives) and first cycle irreversible reaction associated with SEI formation. Figure 1
Original languageAmerican English
Article number305
Pages (from-to)305-305
Number of pages1
JournalECS Meeting Abstracts
Issue numberA03
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2015 ECS - The Electrochemical Society


Dive into the research topics of 'High Capacity Magnesium Metal Rechargeable Battery Enabled By Dual Ion Chemistry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this