Hidradenitis suppurativa and the risk of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, and peripheral vascular disease: a population-based study

Khalaf Kridin, Kailyn Valido, Jeffrey M. Cohen, Arnon D. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have identified an association between myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). To evaluate the risk and prognostic outcomes of MI, CVA, and PVD in patients with HS. A population-based retrospective cohort study using the computerized database of Clalit Health Services (CHS), the largest managed care organization in Israel, was conducted to compare the incidence of MI, CVA, and PVD among patients with HS (N = 6779) with age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched control subjects (N = 33,260). Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated by multivariate Cox regression analysis. The overall incidence rates of MI, CVA, and PVD were estimated at 2.9 (2.3–3.4), 1.3 (0.9–1.7), and 0.8 (0.6–1.1) per 1000 person-year, respectively. Patients with HS were at an increased risk of developing MI (fully-adjusted HR 1.33; 95% CI 1.04–1.68; P = 0.021), but the risk of CVA (fully-adjusted HR 0.82; 95% CI 0.59–1.14; P = 0.245) and PVD (fully-adjusted HR 1.22; 95% CI 0.80–1.87; P = 0.355) was comparable relative to controls. Compared to other patients with HS, increased risk of all-cause mortality was observed among patients with HS and comorbid MI (HR 12.56; 95% CI 7.59–20.80; P < 0.001), CVA (HR 13.33; 95% CI 7.29–24.37; P < 0.001), and PVD (HR 7.11; 95% CI 2.61–19.32; P < 0.001). Patients with HS are at an increased risk of MI, but not CVA and PVD. Awareness of these epidemiological findings is of importance for clinicians managing patients with HS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
Volume315
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Comorbidity
  • General dermatology
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa
  • IL-17
  • Medical dermatology
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Peripheral vascular disease

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