Hidden order in 1D bose insulators

Emanuele G. Dalla Torre, Erez Berg, Ehud Altman

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185 Scopus citations


We investigate the phase diagram of spinless bosons with long range (a 1/r3) repulsive interactions, relevant to ultracold polarized atoms or molecules, using density matrix renormalization group. Between the two conventional insulating phases, the Mott and density wave phases, we find a new phase possessing hidden order revealed by nonlocal string correlations analogous to those characterizing the Haldane gapped phase of integer spin chains. We develop a mean field theory that describes the low-energy excitations in all three insulating phases. This is used to calculate the absorption spectrum due to oscillatory lattice modulation. We predict a sharp resonance in the spectrum due to a collective excitation of the new phase that would provide clear evidence for the existence of this phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number260401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number26
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


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