Heterogeneous integration of TiO2 epitaxial growth for one-dimensional photonic crystal:An experimental and theoretical analysis

Ankit Singh, Ankur Gupta, Akhilesh Tiwari, Pramod Kumar

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3 Scopus citations


An experimental realization of a new type of one-dimensional photonic crystal has been proposed, based on the periodic layer-by-layer structure of TiO2. The multilayer deposition of TiO2 nanoparticle colloidal suspension forms a periodic arrangement of a one-dimensional photonic crystal. It has been able to control and block well defined unwanted radiation or selective harm UV radiation. The fundamental property of photonic crystals is their Photonic bandgap (PBG), which is to be around "225nm<λ<350 nm", and also exhibit structure colour properties. Periodic multilayer structures of TiO2 on a glass substrate have been deposited by spin coating technique, at different rpm, which affects the thickness of subsequently deposited layers and effective refractive index. FESEM provides a cross-section image of deposited structure for eight layers and thickness, which is in good agreement of calculated one by a profilometer. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows the growth of the epitaxial surface as well as the generation of phase junctions (i.e., the formation of anatase, rutile, and brookite phases of TiO2). Due to these formations, the proposed structure in this study has less number of the defects, and so, there is a low loss in light propagation. Experimental and theoretical analysis of transmittance spectra in the UV region is done by UV–vis spectrophotometer and MATLAB based program, respectively. This technique may be used for developing several applications having excellent photocatalytic properties as well as for photonic crystal device formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101367
JournalMaterials Today Communications
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Authors express their sincere thanks to all members of Spintronics & Metamaterials Laboratory, IIIT Allahabad.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • 1-D photonic crystal
  • Epitaxial growth
  • Phase junction
  • Structure colour
  • UV protected sheet


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