Heterochronic regulation of lung development via the Lin28-Let-7 pathway

Nelly Komarovsky Gulman, Leah Armon, Tali Shalit, Achia Urbach

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9 Scopus citations


The heterochronic gene Lin28 regulates diverse developmental processes. It was shown previously that global Lin28A overexpression during mouse embryogenesis results in perinatal lethality. However, the reason for this early lethality has not been elucidated. Here, we showed that Lin28A overexpression prevents normal lung development via the inhibition of the Let-7 micro RNAs, thus causing the perinatal lethality. We further found that Lin28A overexpression in lung mesenchymal cells, but not epithelial cells, is sufficient to recapitulate the lung phenotype. Moreover, we defined the specific time window wherein Lin28A expression exerts its effect. Deep characterization of the transgenic lungs suggests that the Lin28A-Let-7 pathway delays the transition from one developmental stage to another but does not completely abrogate the differentiation capacity of the lung progenitor cells. Finally, we suggested that the effect of Lin28A-Let-7 on embryonic lung development is mediated at least in part through the TGF-p1-signaling pathway. Altogether, these findings define for the first time the Lin28-Let-7 pathway as a critical heterochronic regulator of lung development.—Komarovsky Gulman, N., Armon, L., Shalit, T., Urbach, A. Heterochronic regulation of lung development via the Lin28-Let-7 pathway. FASEB J. 33, 12008-12018 (2019). www.fasebj.org.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12008-12018
Number of pages11
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number11
Early online date7 Aug 2019
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

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  • heterochronic genes
  • miRNA
  • organogenesis


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