Health and depression in women from the former Soviet Union living in the United States and Israel.

Arlene Michaels Miller, Revital Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Post-immigration adjustment is affected by demographic and health characteristics, as well as national resources. Since 1989, more than a million people emigrated from the former Soviet Union (FSU) to the United States and Israel. These countries differ substantially in health systems and immigrant benefits. The purpose of this study is to compare depressed mood between midlife women from the FSU who reside in the United States and Israel, controlling for demographic and health characteristics. The analysis includes 72 women, 36 from each country, who comprise subsets of larger studies and were matched on age and years since immigration. Women were aged 42-70, and immigrated fewer than 8 years prior to recruitment. Using multiple regression analyses it was found that living in the United States, having lower self-reported health status, and having arthritis predicted higher depression scores. Future cross-national interdisciplinary research should be directed toward identifying specific contextual factors that will guide interventions and influence health policy for new immigrants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immigrant Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded in part by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (#R15 HD34225), and by a grant from the Commonwealth Fund. The authors are grateful to Peggy J. Chandler, PhD, for statistical consultation and editorial comments, and to Shuli Brammli-Greenberg for her contribution to the fieldwork and data analysis of the Israeli National Women’s Health Survey.


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