Halofuginone inhibits serum-stimulated pericardial tissue retraction in vitro

Douglas C. Marchion, Patricia A. Weber, Liat Lomnitski, Carlos M.G. Duran, David T. Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We developed an in vitro model of tissue contraction in which living pericardium, in response to serum, contracted and the cells in situ expressed proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and synthesized collagen. Here we evaluated the effects of halofuginone on these serum-stimulated pericardial tissue responses. Parietal pericardium was incubated with media containing increasing doses of halofuginone and evaluated for tissue contraction, evident by tissue curling. Proliferation was measured by MTS metabolism and PCNA expression. Furthermore, collagen synthesis was compared between samples incubated with halofuginone, cytochalasin B, cytochalasin D, aphidicolin, or cytosine arabinoside (AraC), using Masson's trichrome and the monoclonal antibody to sheep type I procollagen, SP1.D8. Halofuginone inhibited tissue contraction, cellular proliferation, and collagen synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast, cytochalasin B, cytochalasin D, aphidicolin, and AraC, shown previously to prevent cellular proliferation, did not prevent type I collagen synthesis. Halofuginone has been implicated as an agent in the prevention of wound-healing fibrosis. This study suggests that halofuginone may have an added benefit in the inhibition of pericardial tissue contraction, which appeared to be related to the synthesis of type I procollagen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1083
Number of pages8
JournalTissue Engineering
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Jul 2004


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