Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor activates a 72-kDa isoform of STAT3 in human neutrophils

Arup Chakraborty, David J. Tweardy

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59 Scopus citations


Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) signaling involves activation of STATs, proteins that serve the dual function of signal transduction and activation of transcription. We previously demonstrated that G-CSF activated a distinct Stat3-like protein in immature and mature normal myeloid cells, StatG. StatG in normal immature human myeloid cells, i.e. adult CD34+ bone marrow cells, was composed of Stat3β. This investigation was undertaken to determine the composition of StatG in mature normal human myeloid cells, i.e. polymorphonuclear neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN). These studies revealed that the major protein in extracts of PMN activated by G- CSF to bind the high-affinity serum-inducible element (hSIE) is a 72-kDa protein that cross-reacts with Stat3 monoclonal antibody, which we have designated Stat3γ. Stat3γ is derived from Stat3α by limited proteolysis and lacks the carboxyl-terminal portion of Stat3α. Because this region of Stat3α is involved in transcriptional activation, our findings suggest the possibility that Stat3γ may be transcriptionally inactive and may compete with Stat3α for Stat3 binding sites in these terminally differentiated myeloid cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-680
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Myeloid cells
  • STAT3α
  • STAT3γ


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