Goblet and Paneth Cells: Producers of the Intestinal Barrier

Sonia Modilevsky, Maria Naama, Shai Bel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mammalian intestine is colonized by trillions of microbes. To maintain a symbiotic relationship with these microbes the host creates a chemical barrier between itself and the gut microbiota. This barrier enables a mutually beneficial interaction while limiting microbial invasion into host tissues. The main components of this barrier are mucus and antimicrobial proteins which are secreted from two specialized types of epithelial cells, goblet and Paneth cells. Here, we will discuss the function of these two cell types and explain how they maintain intestinal homeostasis and their role in intestinal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Cell Biology
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-6, Second Edition
PublisherElsevier
Pages66-71
Number of pages6
Volume6
ISBN (Electronic)9780128216248
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Goblet
  • Gut
  • Host defense
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Intestine
  • Microbiome
  • Microbiota
  • Mucus
  • Paneth
  • Ulcerative colitis

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