GeV Signatures of Short Gamma-Ray Bursts in Active Galactic Nuclei

Chengchao Yuan, Kohta Murase, Dafne Guetta, Asaf Pe'Er, Imre Bartos, Péter Mészáros

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The joint detection of gravitational waves and the gamma-ray counterpart of a binary neutron star merger event, GW170817, unambiguously validates the connection between short gamma-ray bursts and compact binary object (CBO) mergers. We focus on a special scenario where short gamma-ray bursts produced by CBO mergers are embedded in disks of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and we investigate the γ-ray emission produced in the internal dissipation region via synchrotron, synchrotron self-Compton, and external inverse Compton (EIC) processes. In this scenario, isotropic thermal photons from the AGN disks contribute to the EIC component. We show that a low-density cavity can be formed in the migration traps, leading to the embedded mergers producing successful GRB jets. We find that the EIC component would dominate the GeV emission for typical CBO mergers with an isotropic-equivalent luminosity of L j,iso = 1048.5 erg s-1 that are located close to the central supermassive black hole. Considering a long-lasting jet of duration T dur ∼102-103 s, we find that the future Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will be able to detect its 25-100 GeV emission out to a redshift z = 1.0. In the optimistic case, it is possible to detect the on-axis extended emission simultaneously with GWs within one decade using MAGIC, H.E.S.S., VERITAS, CTA, and LHAASO-WCDA. Early diagnosis of prompt emissions with Fermi-GBM and HAWC can provide valuable directional information for the follow-up observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number80
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume932
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

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