Genetic Control of Gonadal Sex Determination and Development

Isabelle Stévant, Serge Nef

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sex determination is the process by which the bipotential gonads develop as either testes or ovaries. With two distinct potential outcomes, the gonadal primordium offers a unique model for the study of cell fate specification and how distinct cell populations diverge from multipotent progenitors. This review focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the genetic programs and epigenetic mechanisms that regulate gonadal sex determination and the regulation of cell fate commitment in the bipotential gonads. We rely primarily on mouse data to illuminate the complex and dynamic genetic programs controlling cell fate decision and sex-specific cell differentiation during gonadal formation and gonadal sex determination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-358
Number of pages13
JournalTrends in Genetics
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Sertoli cells
  • cell fate decision
  • differentiation
  • epigenetic regulation
  • gene expression
  • gonadal sex determination
  • granulosa cells
  • lineage specification
  • ovary
  • progenitors
  • supporting cells
  • testis
  • transcriptomics

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