Generalized model for k -core percolation and interdependent networks

Nagendra K. Panduranga, Jianxi Gao, Xin Yuan, H. Eugene Stanley, Shlomo Havlin

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20 Scopus citations


Cascading failures in complex systems have been studied extensively using two different models: k-core percolation and interdependent networks. We combine the two models into a general model, solve it analytically, and validate our theoretical results through extensive simulations. We also study the complete phase diagram of the percolation transition as we tune the average local k-core threshold and the coupling between networks. We find that the phase diagram of the combined processes is very rich and includes novel features that do not appear in the models studying each of the processes separately. For example, the phase diagram consists of first- and second-order transition regions separated by two tricritical lines that merge and enclose a two-stage transition region. In the two-stage transition, the size of the giant component undergoes a first-order jump at a certain occupation probability followed by a continuous second-order transition at a lower occupation probability. Furthermore, at certain fixed interdependencies, the percolation transition changes from first-order → second-order → two-stage → first-order as the k-core threshold is increased. The analytic equations describing the phase boundaries of the two-stage transition region are set up, and the critical exponents for each type of transition are derived analytically.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032317
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number3
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2017

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© 2017 American Physical Society.


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