FutORAMa: A Concretely Efficient Hierarchical Oblivious RAM

Gilad Asharov, Ilan Komargodski, Yehuda Michelson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Oblivious RAM (ORAM) is a general-purpose technique for hiding memory access patterns. This is a fundamental task underlying many secure computation applications. While known ORAM schemes provide optimal asymptotic complexity, despite extensive efforts, their concrete costs remain prohibitively expensive for many interesting applications. The current state-of-the-art practical ORAM schemes are suitable only for somewhat small memories (Square-Root ORAM or Path ORAM). This work presents a novel concretely efficient ORAM construction based on recent breakthroughs in asymptotic complexity of ORAM schemes (PanORAMa and OptORAMa). We bring these constructions to the realm of practically useful schemes by relaxing the restriction on constant local memory size. Our design provides a factor of at least 6 to 8 improvement over an optimized variant of Path ORAM for a set of reasonable memory sizes (e.g., 1GB, 1TB) and with the same local memory size. To our knowledge, this is the first practical implementation of an ORAM based on the full hierarchical ORAM framework. Prior to our work, the belief was that hierarchical ORAM-based constructions were inherently too expensive in practice. We implement our design and provide extensive evaluation and experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCCS 2023 - Proceedings of the 2023 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages3313-3327
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9798400700507
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2023
Event30th ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2023 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 26 Nov 202330 Nov 2023

Publication series

NameCCS 2023 - Proceedings of the 2023 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security

Conference

Conference30th ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2023
Country/TerritoryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period26/11/2330/11/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Copyright held by the owner/author(s).

Funding

Asharov and Michelson are sponsored by the Israel Science Foundation (grant No. 2439/20). Asharov is sponsored in addition by JPM Faculty Research Award, and by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 891234. Komargodski is the incumbent of the Harry & Abe Sherman Senior Lectureship at the School of Computer Science and Engineering at the Hebrew University, supported in part by an Alon Young Faculty Fellowship, by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation (ISF Grant No. 1774/20), and by a grant from the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation and the US National Science Foundation (BSF-NSF Grant No. 2020643). Asharov and Michelson are sponsored by the Israel Science Foundation (grant No. 2439/20). Asharov is sponsored in addition by JPM Faculty Research Award, and by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 891234. Komargodski is the incumbent of the Harry & Abe Sherman Senior Lectureship at the School of Computer Science and Engineering at the Hebrew University, supported in part by an Alon Young Faculty Fellowship, by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation (ISF Grant No. 1774/20), and by a grant from the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation and the US National Science Foundation (BSF-NSF Grant No. 2020643).

FundersFunder number
BSF-NSF2020643
School of Computer Science and Engineering at the Hebrew University
National Science Foundation
JPMorgan Chase and Company
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions891234
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation
Israel Science Foundation1774/20, 2439/20
Horizon 2020

    Keywords

    • Oblivious RAM
    • hierarchical ORAM
    • tight compaction

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