Front propagation and clustering in the stochastic nonlocal Fisher equation

Yehuda A. Ganan, David A. Kessler

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we study the problem of front propagation and pattern formation in the stochastic nonlocal Fisher equation. We find a crossover between two regimes: a steadily propagating regime for not too large interaction range and a stochastic punctuated spreading regime for larger ranges. We show that the former regime is well described by the heuristic approximation of the system by a deterministic system where the linear growth term is cut off below some critical density. This deterministic system is seen not only to give the right front velocity, but also predicts the onset of clustering for interaction kernels which give rise to stable uniform states, such as the Gaussian kernel, for sufficiently large cutoff. Above the critical cutoff, distinct clusters emerge behind the front. These same features are present in the stochastic model for sufficiently small carrying capacity. In the latter, punctuated spreading, regime, the population is concentrated on clusters, as in the infinite range case, which divide and separate as a result of the stochastic noise. Due to the finite interaction range, if a fragment at the edge of the population separates sufficiently far, it stabilizes as a new cluster, and the processes begins anew. The deterministic cutoff model does not have this spreading for large interaction ranges, attesting to its purely stochastic origins. We show that this mode of spreading has an exponentially small mean spreading velocity, decaying with the range of the interaction kernel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042213
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume97
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Physical Society.

Funding

D.A.K. thanks N. Shnerb for useful discussions. D.A.K. acknowledges the support of the Israel Science Foundation, Grant No. 1898/17.

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation1898/17

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