From homo sapiens to robo sapiens: The evolution of intelligence

Anat Ringel Raveh, Boaz Tamir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present a review of recent developments in artificial intelligence (AI) towards the possibility of an artificial intelligence equal that of human intelligence. AI technology has always shown a stepwise increase in its capacity and complexity. The last step took place several years ago with the increased progress in deep neural network technology. Each such step goes hand in hand with our understanding of ourselves and our understanding of human cognition. Indeed, AI was always about the question of understanding human nature. AI percolates into our lives, changing our environment. We believe that the next few steps in AI technology, and in our understanding of human behavior, will bring about much more powerful machines that are flexible enough to resemble human behavior. In this context, there are two research fields: Artificial Social Intelligence (ASI) and General Artificial Intelligence (AGI). The authors also allude to one of the main challenges for AI, embodied cognition, and explain how it can be viewed as an opportunity for further progress in AI research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalInformation (Switzerland)
Issue number1
StatePublished - 21 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the author.


  • Artificial general intelligence (AGI)
  • Artificial intelligence (AI)
  • Artificial social intelligence (ASI)
  • Complexity
  • Embodied cognition
  • Singularity
  • Social sciences
  • Value alignment


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