From 32 nm to TFET Technology: New Perspectives for Ultra-Scaled RF-DC Multiplier Circuits

Lionel Trojman, Eduardo Holguin, Marco Villegas, Luis Miguel Procel, Ramiro Taco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this present work, different Cross-Coupled Differential Drive (CCDD) CMOS bridge rectifiers are designed using either 32 nm or Tunnel-FET (TFET) technology. Commercial PDK has been used for the 32 nm technology, while lookup tables (LUT) resulting from a physics model have been applied for the TFET. To consider the parasitic effects for the circuit performances, the 32 nm-based circuits have been laid out, while a parasitic model has been included in the TFET LUT for circuit implementation. In this work, the post-layout simulations, including parasitic, demonstrate for conventional CCDD circuits that TFET technology has a larger dynamic range (DR) (>60%) and better 1 V-sensitivity than the 32 nm planar technology has. Note that, in this case, the figure of merit defined by the Voltage Conversion Efficiency (VCE) and Power Conversion Efficiency (PCE) remains somewhat similar. On the other hand, topology proposing better VCE at the cost of low PCE shows lower performance than expected in 32 nm than in reported data for larger technology nodes (e.g., 180 nm). The TFET-based circuit shows a PCE of 70%, VCE of 82% with an 8 dB DR (>60%), and the best 1 V-sensitivity in this work. Because of the low-bias condition and the good reverse current blocking (unidirectional channel), the TFET offers new perspectives for RF-DC rectifier/multiplier topology, which are usually limited with planar technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number525
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • 32 nm
  • CCDD
  • Full wave rectifier
  • Multiplier
  • PCE
  • TFET
  • VCE


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