Four-eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma following irradiation

Shimon Rumelt, Nick R. Hogan, Peter A.D. Rubin, Frederick A. Jakobiec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Background: Sebaceous cell carcinoma is a distinctive tumor of the eyelid associated with a high rate of metastasis and mortality. Involvement of both upper and lower lids has been described; however, involvement of all 4 eyelids is extremely rare. Objective: To describe the evaluation and diagnosis of the clinicopathologic features in a 74-year-old patient with 4- eyelid sebaceous carcinoma and a history of whole face irradiation for eczema. Methods: Bilateral eyelid, conjunctiva, map, and fine needle biopsy of enlarged, submandibular lymph node specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and oil-red-O for light microscopy and fresh-frozen sections were evaluated by electron microscopy. Results: The biopsy specimens from the eyelids and conjunctiva showed sebaceous carcinoma cells in the meibomian glands and scattered within the conjunctival epithelium. The cells were moderately well differentiated. Similar cells stained with oil-red-O were found in the submandibular lymph nodes. Conclusions: The appearance of bilateral sebaceous carcinoma supports the concept of simultaneous occurrence of multiple primaries in specific patients, especially after radiation therapy. Patients with a history of facial irradiation and atypical eyelid lesions should be evaluated for malignant tumors such as sebaceous carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1670-1672
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes


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