Previous research has suggested that infants exhibit a preference for familiar over unfamiliar social groups (e.g., preferring individuals from their own language group over individuals from a foreign language group). However, because past studies often employ forced-choice procedures, it is not clear whether infants' intergroup preferences are driven by positivity toward members of familiar groups, negativity toward members of unfamiliar groups, or both. Across six experiments, we implemented a habituation procedure to independently measure infants' positive and negative evaluations of speakers of familiar and unfamiliar languages. We report that by 1 year of age, infants positively evaluate individuals who speak a familiar language, but do not negatively evaluate individuals who speak an unfamiliar language (Experiments 1 and 2). Several experiments rule out lower-level explanations (Experiments 3–6). Together these data suggest that children's early social group preferences may be shaped by positive evaluations of familiar group(s), rather than negative evaluations of unfamiliar groups.
|State||Published - May 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research Council of Canada grant to ASB (# 435-2013-0286). We would also like to thank the Living Lab at Science World at TELUS World of Science in Vancouver and the participating parents and children.
This research was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities
This research was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada grant to ASB (# 435-2013-0286). We would also like to thank the Living Lab at Science World at TELUS World of Science in Vancouver and the participating parents and children.
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd