Formulating a theory of second language learning

Bernard Spolsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This article is intended to establish a framework for the formulation of a comprehensive theory of second language learning in which theories of first and second language learning may combine to form a unified theory. It proceeds through a critical assessment of currently one of the foremost theories, the monitor model (Krashen, 1982). Each of Krashen's five hypotheses is considered, and counteropi-nions, fortified with the results of research, are presented. The article concludes with a call for a more comprehensive theory that accounts for the diverse ways in which people develop their ability to use a second language.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-288
Number of pages20
JournalStudies in Second Language Acquisition
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1985


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