Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, C. Salomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1432 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the production of matter-wave solitons in an ultracold lithium-7 gas. The effective interaction between atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate is tuned with a Feshbach resonance from repulsive to attractive before release in a one-dimensional optical waveguide. Propagation of the soliton without dispersion over a macroscopic distance of 1.1 millimeter is observed. A simple theoretical model explains the stability region of the soliton. These matterwave solitons open possibilities for future applications in coherent atom optics, atom interferometry, and atom transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1290-1293
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume296
Issue number5571
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 May 2002
Externally publishedYes

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