Forecasting sales and product evolution: The case of the hybrid/electric car

Yair Orbach, Gila E. Fruchter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


We present a model that forecasts sales and product evolution, based on data on market and industry, which can be collected before the product is introduced. Product evolution can be incremental but can also take place by releasing new generations. In our model adoption of a new product is motivated by attribute improvements (enabled by technology evolution), and firms' attribute improvements strategies are motivated by market growth and directed by market preferences. The interdependency between attributes' improvements and cumulative adoption level makes the problem inherently dynamic. The dependency of attribute levels on adoption levels is assessed using industry and technology analysis. Market preferences and purchase intention response to attribute levels changes are assessed based on a conjoint study. The option of collecting and interpreting data about both demand and supply aspects, before the new product is introduced, enables us to estimate sales and technology progress endogenously rather than to require them as inputs. We demonstrate the method on the hybrid car market.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1210-1226
Number of pages17
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Issue number7
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Diffusion
  • Forecasting
  • Generation substitution
  • Pre-launch
  • Technology evolution


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