Foot-and-mouth disease in wildlife population of India

M. Rout, S. Subramaniam, B. Das, J. K. Mohapatra, B. B. Dash, A. Sanyal, B. Pattnaik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A total of 41 clinical samples (vesicle/tongue/foot/nasal epithelium) from Indian gaur, deer, spotted deer, nilgai, chowsinga, bison, black buck, elephant, sambar deer were collected in 50% phosphate buffered saline/glycerol medium (pH-7.5) during suspected FMD outbreaks. Supernatants of homogenized clinical samples were used in a serotype differentiating antigen detection ELISA and samples found negative were further subjected to multiplex PCR (mPCR). A total of 3/11 (27.2%) samples from Indian gaur, 2/7 (28.5%) chital deer, 5/5 (100%) nilgai, 2/2 (100%) black buck were found positive for serotype O in antigen detection ELISA. A total of 3 ELISA-negative samples from spotted deer, 2 from bison and 2 from sambar deer were found positive for serotype O in mPCR. The VP1 region-based phylogenetic analysis indicated the involvement of both O/ME-SA/Ind2001 and PanAsia lineage of serotype O in the outbreaks. The wildlife species infected with FMD may pose further threat to the surrounding domestic livestock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-346
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Animal Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Agricultural Research Communication Centre. All rights reserved.


  • Bison
  • Black buck
  • Chowsinga
  • Deer
  • Elephant
  • Foot-and-mouth disease
  • Gaur
  • Nilgai
  • Wildlife


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